This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. These include – Surface irrigation, sprinkler, drip and subsurface. IRRIGATION. Sorry!, This page is not available for now to bookmark. The farmer must determine the exact amount of water required by the crop. These modern irrigation techniques have been discussed in detail below – Surface irrigation – It is one of the most common methods of irrigation. Methods of Irrigation. Modern Irrigation Methods: (v) Sprinkler Irrigation Method: In present times, when water crisis is developing very fast everywhere, we should adopt improved techniques of irrigation to encourage suitable water management. Some crops which require this type of irrigation are vegetables, cash crops, plantation, spices etc. Modern Irrigation Methods: (1) Sprinkler Irrigation Method (2) Drip Irrigation Method (3) Pot Irrigation Method. Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. The sprinkler method is one of the most efficient irrigation methods to irrigate the uneven land for agriculture. Watch Modern Methods of Irrigation in English from Improvement in Crop Yield and Environmental Chemistry and From Field to Plate here. on the other hand, water is made to flow through ditches running through the ground with a drainage system at the end. This reduces the evaporation and each crop can be irrigated according to its nature. Now you will see that we have mentioned the phrase ‘carefully controlled’ in the definition and are probably wondering what means. Name modern methods of irrigation under surface irrigation. Agriculture or farming is a very ancient occupation, and so are methods of irrigation. The most common method of watering the crops is drip irrigation. TYPES OF MODERN IRRIGATION SYSTEM SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD DRIP IRRIGATION METHOD POT IRRIGATION METHOD 7. These are as follows – Furrow – in case of furrow irrigation, water is made to flow through shallow channels which are evenly spaced out and at a slope to the field. However, in basin irrigation, water is supplied to a field which may result in ponding for a while. Flooding method of irrigation is in use since centuries. International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, New Delhi 1986. Here, a farmer pulls out water from wells or canals by himself or using cattle and carries it to farming fields. Irrigation - Time and methods Modern techniques of - - Drainage and its irrigation importance . : The influence of wind on sprinkler irrigation-Annotated bibliography. PubMed Google Scholar, Varshney, R.S. Gravity irrigation method. It is one of the most common methods of irrigation. Furrow – in case of furrow irrigation, water is made to flow through shallow channels which are evenly spaced out and at a slope to the field. The irrigation techniques that are extensively used nowadays are known as the modern methods of irrigation. In: Jensen, M. E. Hansen, V. E. et al. The effect is similar to rainfall. Two different methods of irrigation are- modern methods that include sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation; traditional irrigation that includes manual irrigation where water is pulled out by the farmers themselves from the wells and canals to irrigate the land. In a surface irrigation system, water moves over the land in order to wet and infiltrate the soil. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. The mainlines and sub mainlines transport the water from pumps to fields where it is sprayed on the plants via the sprinkles. Irrigation facilitates bathing, cattle watering etc., and improves freshwater circulation. have utilized this form of irrigation to grow their crops. Irrigation is defined as the carefully controlled process of watering agricultural crop through artificial means in order to facilitate their growth and development. Modern Methods of Irrigation The methods of irrigation can be divided into four main types. These components, controlled with the help of a dripper and water pumps. volume 35, pages59–63(1995)Cite this article. Modern methods of irrigation. Report by Microirrigation Working Group, ICID Bulletin 37, 1–12 (1988). The modern methods of irrigation include – surface irrigation, drip irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, subsurface irrigation. In the Drip irrigation system, water supplies to plant roots through a collection of plastic pipes, lateral tubes, and valves. Includes furrow, boarder, basin, wild- flooding and corrugation. The water in these shallow channels are supplied through a variety of ways such as siphon, main ditch, gated pipe etc. Flooding method of irrigation is in use since centuries. This irrigation system is farther classified into three other types of modern methods of irrigation. Many are downloadable. Humpherys, A. S.: Automated farm surface irrigation systems — worldwide. Report provides an overview of the current state of agriculture and irrigation sectors of Kyrgyzstan, the analysis of experience in application of different irrigation methods in the Republic. 8. It is one of the most efficient modern irrigation techniques as it reduces runoff and water evaporation significantly. : Procedure to select an optimum irrigation method. Walker, W. R.: Guidelines for designing and evaluating surface irrigation systems. VK Rain irrigation system Also known as the Modern Method of Irrigation. Are probably wondering what means the sprinkles 389–394 ( 1975 ) from techniques... Useful in areas where crop population per unit is high entails watering the lands before planting seeds to a! By flooding the land of rather smooth and flat topography benefits from these drop... 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