November 2020. The Icelandic turf house with its roots in the shared building heritage of Europe from before the settlement, evolved in a special way under unique conditions over many hundreds of years. Construction. “The turf house is an exceptional example of a vernacular architectural tradition, which has survived in Iceland,” according to the nomination. The most distinct building material for these Icelandic structures is the turf itself. The Icelandic Turf House Institute is located in Árnessýslu, about an hour’s drive southeast from Reykjavik. Summer house in a small fishing town in the West Fjords of Iceland. Sudavik Westfjords . Good construction turf comes from boggy areas and as such most settlements and laterally farms required a sustainable supply of this. Houses, stables, and churches were all built from earth. HOUSE SÚÐAVÍK. Timber is used for the structure, turf is laid to form the thick walls and as a cover for the roof. earth and climate Edit. The turf is cut from the ground and the mats are then stacked on top of each other to form walls. The Icelandic Turf House is open: Sun - Sun 11:00 - 18:00; What hotels are near The Icelandic Turf House? The floor of a turf house was covered with wood, stone or earth depending on the purpose of the building. There owner was gracious and accommodating. Iceland Turf Home. Turf house building techniques in Iceland have evolved over time, but the materials have remained the same. 145 square... ISK 109,526,885. Because of the lack of trees in Iceland, turf was a popular building material and thick turf walls were useful to ward off the cold. It also … As their name suggests, turf is one of the main materials used for its construction. Photo Credit. 4 Bdrm House For Sale ISK 4,914,525. Truth is, it became the traditional and most followed way of building in Iceland. Far better than wood, stone, turf provided superior insulation from cold weather. Collection of original houses and in detail exhibitions. Turf is laid to form the thick walls and the cover of the roofs, while timber was used for the construction of the Icelandic turf house. A house with garden is for sale in Selfoss, Iceland. Icelandic Turf House at Eiríksstaðir. Nordic "long houses" were common in the 9th century. So common that nowadays it is considered the typical Icelandic house structure. Frequently Asked Questions about The Icelandic Turf House. On the other hand, lava stones and turf, the main building materials, were available in large amounts. Turf houses in Iceland are special because of their unique building technique, influenced by the local climate and available materials. The house that kept Icelanders alive and nurtured their culture through the centuries. The pantry at Laufas Icelandic turf house. The traditional Iceland turf house would have a large foundation made of flat stones, and a wooden frame which would hold the turf. Icelandic turf houses are always worth a visit. Photo Credit . East Iceland has relatively few turf houses left standing, but you will find them in Bustarfell, which is a museum that has captured farm life and turf house living from the 16 th Century. Show less. There, visitors can take in a preserved turf farm, getting a glimpse into the past. Originally, the idea for their construction was a circumstance of the harsh climate and isolation of this island in the North Atlantic. How they were built, how they were lived in, their origin and cultural context, contemporary significance, subtlety and beauty. Turf houses are not exclusive Icelandic, this way of building dates back from the Iron age and were quite common in Norway. Both methods are seen here, as the boards of the end walls are of the timber-frame type (slagþil or vertical under-and-over boards. Located about an hour’s drive from Reykjavik, The Icelandic Turf House Institute allows visitors an insight about these houses through their preserved turf farms. Turf is also resistant to weather damage and can last decades before requiring replacement. Þverá turf house in North-Iceland. It is a fine example of the form of stave construction which was superseded in the 19th century by timber-frame construction. To make this learning even more powerful Hannes Lárusson, the co-founder of the institute, has penned an essay titled ‘The Icelandic Farmstead’, which explores the reason behind the creation of these turf homes. You can learn about its construction. This one is part of an open-air museum, it's a reconstruction at Eiríksstaðir, the turf farm of Erik the Red and Leif the Lucky. The common Icelandic turf house would have a large foundation made of flat stones; upon this was built a wooden frame which would hold the load of the turf. Sudavik Westfjords . The house is 125 m2, and... ISK 4,914,525. Most turf houses have a wooden frame structure, and stones are sometimes used in the walls as well. This particular farmhouse was quite prosperous, and the bedrooms are larger than you’d imagine from seeing the house from the outside. Icelandic turf houses (Icelandic: torfbæir) were the product of a difficult climate, offering superior insulation compared to buildings solely made of wood or stone, and the relative difficulty in obtaining other construction materials in sufficient quantities.. 30% of Iceland was forested when it was settled, mostly with birch. However, there was an abundance of turf that was suitable for construction. Notice the herringbone pattern turf walls. This building technique has been in use since the Iron Age. Turf homes of the wealthy were often large and contained interior wood paneling and wood floors, as they could afford the high cost of lumber. The Icelandic Turf House: the Jewel of Arctic Architecture. In some occasions, slates were used to underlay roofs, and stones were used with or without the turf for the walls. In other parts of Northern Europe, turf was used by the poorer classes, though in Iceland both the rich and the poor exploited this natural resource. Since the supply of wood was extremely low, most of the timber was imported from abroad. Closer view of the school, note the turf roof which is common in Iceland The Icelandic turf house was the product of a difficult climate, offering superior insulation… Mar 5, 2015 - Best viewed on black ! Show more. Half of the population in turf homes in 1910 When looking at pictures from Iceland, small and cute looking turf houses are bound to come up. In 1787, timber imports became more common, as the Danish royal trade monopoly lifted. Photo Credit. From the Settlement of Iceland, around 870, until the mid 20th century, Icelanders lived in turf houses, both rich and poor.The last inhabitants moved out of their turf-houses in the mid 20th century, around 1966. The frames of the houses were constructed using strong timber and … 3 Introduction The Skagafjörður Historical Museum is active in preserving knowledge about turf structures for a simple reason: Skaga-fjörður is still rich in turf ruins. 52. Rear side of old farmhouse at Tyrfingsstaðir, Skagafjörður, Northern Iceland. “The Icelandic turf house was the product of a difficult climate, offering superior insulation compared to buildings solely made of wood or stone. Most homes used driftwood as the main component in construction, as imported wood was very expensive. Speisekammern in Keldur. Bedrooms are upstairs too, and the rooms up there have slanted ceilings. The traditional Icelandic turf house is primarily constructed from a stone plinth, turf walls, ... Data is limited on the thermal performance of turf wall construction and therefore it would be beneficial to calculate the thermal resistance (K/W) and thermal transmittance (W/m 2 K) of typical turfs used. Perhaps it is due to our favor-able climate that the people of Skagafjörður continued to use turf to build their houses longer than their neighbours did. Virtually anywhere that people and animals needed to take shelter from the elements, turf structures were constructed. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. And the relative difficulty in obtaining other construction materials in sufficient quantities.” Ok, I got that part – that was the best solution for insulation and also the cheapest one, but now we are living in a different century! What is an Icelandic Turf House? The houses of the settlers were relatively big and simple structures, gradually developing into more complex and mysterious clusters of interrelated houses depending on their intended use. 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